US World War II Treatment of German Americans


During World War II, the US violated the civil liberties of American citizens and resident aliens of "enemy" ethnic groups, primarily those of German, Italian and Japanese ancestry. Violations included internment and relocation. Members of these ethnic groups, including millions of European Americans, served in the US armed forces. Some were immediate family members of internees. The Wartime Treatment Study Act would require study of these issues, among others, with respect to European Americans. The Act is summarized below, as are specific discriminatory government policies.  

US Government Wartime Policies. All numbers are estimates and are likely higher.


Wartime Treatment Study Act. The Act would establish two commissions, one to review the US government's WWII policies regarding European Americans (resident aliens and US citizens) and Latin Americans and related civil liberties violations, and the other to review the government's refusal to allow Jewish refugees fleeing persecution entry to the US during WWII. Significant features follow:

Questions? Contact Karen Ebel at

April 23, 2003